The current population in Sweden is 9,103,788 with a growth rate of about 0.168%. Sweden is not overpopulated. The immigration rate is 0.86 per 1,000 populations and the migration rate is 1.66% per 1,000 populations. So there is more people leaving Sweden then coming in. There are no government policies regarding population growth. Sweden's population density is one of the lowest in Europe with only about 20 people per square kilometer (Encyclopedia of the Nations). The birth and death rate are almost the same but the death rate is just a little smaller, this is why the growth rate is so low. Due to Sweden’s cold northern climate, most of the population lives in the south, and Sweden has an 85% urban population. Sweden has about 8,100 people living with HIV or AIDS. Sweden's medical advances have ket them healthy; they have a infant mortality rate of 4 deaths per 1,000 births. Sweden’s maternal mortality rate is 2.74 deaths/100,000 live births.
Sweden's population density.
Chad’s population is 10,975,648 with a 1,259,200 sq km land area. Chad is overpopulated. Only about 1% of Chad’s population lives in the upper half of the country extending into the Sahara desert, the rest live in the south where there is better rainfall making farming easier. Population density varies between 0.15 persons per square kilometer in the north and 61.7 persons per square kilometer in the south (Encyclopedia of the Nations). The birth rate is almost twice the amount of the death rate which is why they have a pretty good growth rate being at almost 2%. Chad has 210,000 people living with HIV or AIDS. This is because Chad doesn’t have the advancements, such as contraceptives, to help prevent these diseases. Chad also has a much higher birth rate than Sweden which is also due to the lack of contraceptives. Chad has very poor living conditions. Chad’s life expectancy is about 49 years. Sadly, the chance of a baby surviving is pretty slim with there being 93.61 deaths/1,000 live births. Chad’s maternal mortality rate is 1,100 deaths/100,000 live births, Chad’s maternal mortality rate is very high again because of poor living conditions and medical advancements.
Chad's population density.
Sweden’s net-migration is 1.65 (The World Factbook). There is some internal migration in Sweden. In the 19th and early 20th centuries about1.3 million Swedes left Sweden (Swedish Roots). There is always going to be obstacles when it comes to leaving a country and coming into a country. Such as getting citizenship to that country or even finding a place to live. There’s not that much movement to the north in Sweden because most people live in the south because there’s better climate, but there is some movement from the north to the south because of the climate. Some push factors in Sweden were things like searching for a new job; another would be something like mandatory military services. A main pull factor would be job relocation (Swedish Roots).
Chad’s net migration is -3.74 (The World Factbook). In Chad, there were many people leaving during the civil war in 1979 but today there are constantly people coming in and out (Chad- Migration). People in Chad are usually not moving that much because of farming but if the conditions are bad or they have run out of resources and have to relocate. The main push factor of Chad is health: issues such as scarce food, low amounts of clean water, and not many doctors to treat for full families (Encyclopedia of Nations). There aren’t too many pull factors for Chad.
Some people in Chad have to move to different areas because of unsafeness or dry farmland.