Industry and Urbanization
Their main industries include motor vehicles, telecommunications, pharmaceuticals, industrial machines, precision equipment, chemical goods, home goods and appliances, forestry, iron and steel (World Factbook). Difficulties faced by Sweden includes that they are trying to improve on better working environments and having better safety regulations (Sweden
Sweden makes Volvos.
The major industries of Chad include oil, cotton textiles, meatpacking, beer brewing, natron, soap, cigarettes, and construction materials. (Industries). Because Chad is landlocked, they have trouble exporting goods (CIA). They do not have the use of ships, unless they make arrangements with another country on the water.
“As in most of the industrialized world, the Swedish economy is becoming increasingly service-based, with more than two-thirds of GDP formed in that sector, and the role of finance and banking dramatically increasing. Retail is a traditionally strong industry, and tourism is also gaining ground with the increasing affluence of the Swedes and the growing interest of foreign visitors in traveling in the country.” (Encyclopedia of the Nations). Services in Sweden are located in the densely populated areas in the south.
Sweden is the headquarters of H&M, an international clothing store.
“Chad's service sector is limited, although it contributes an estimated 49 percent of the GDP, up from 46 percent in 1998. Privatization and improved management practices have strengthened financial services, but they remain limited in size and in the services they offer. Retail sales are conducted primarily in the informal sector. Chad holds some potential for tourism, but instability and lack of infrastructure have prevented the development of this sector. Some firms in the capital, N'Djamena, have seen a proliferation of computer service firms, offer insurance, accounting, and computer services. Several international firms offer accounting services, tax advice, and business consultancy services, but the market for these services remains limited as long as most Chadian entrepreneurs remain in the informal sector.” (Encyclopedia of the Nations).
Over the last 10 years, population and growth in Swedish cities have grown, mostly in southern Sweden. Very few regions in northern Sweden have barely decreased, but not a stable decrease (VSAB). People in Sweden are more densely clustered towards the center, along with railroads and transportation. Small markets surround the city (Cybergeo). Distinctive problems in Sweden’s inner cities include poverty and decaying buildings.
“The law of the primate city and the rank-size rule are great tools in describing the urban structure of a country. The law of the primate city states that the majority of a country’s population resides in major one city (Rosenberg, 2000). The city of N’Djamena is most definitely a primate city. In looking at table 1 and graph 1, it can be seen that N’Djamena is much bigger than the other cities in Chad, and is therefore the focus of most of the activity in Chad.” (Geocities) Chad can hardly be called an urban country, so the growth in urban areas is very slow, or not growing at all. Any growth would be around N’Djamena, the capitol of Chad. The whole country of Chad’s people diffuse outward around the capitol (CIA). Distinctive problems within the inner city of N’Djamena include copious amounts of poverty, unstable homes, and no place to really expand or develop your career.